bunpeiris Cambridge Literature

Tuition Cambridge IGCSE Literature at Kandana

bunpeiris Cambridge IGCSE Literature

Tuition Cambridge IGCSE Literature at Kandana

Private Tuition in ENGLISH Literature, Language Cambridge IGCSE, OL, Edexcel & National OL Targeting “A” Grade, at Kandana Saturdays and Sundays small groups by an Int’l School Master. Printed tutorials of absolutely high quality content and past papers. Classes are supported with an outstanding library of high quality, hard bound[hbk] study course books, literature course books, classics, language reference, fiction, biography, history etc.
bunpeiris@gmail.com Call 0777100060

William Shakespeare's Romeo & Juliet

William Shakespeare's Romeo & Juliet
Shakespeare is for all cosmos, for all times: above image is of 2013 Hollywood movie adaptation of Shakespeare's Romeo & Juliet starring Douglas Booth & Hailee Steinfeld; below [Home Page Slide Show] images are of 2013 Bollywood movie adaptation titled Ramleela starring Ranveer Singh and Deepika Padukone.

Thursday, December 25, 2014

English Language Private Tuition

English Language Private Tuition

[bunpeiris] Unlike the regular private tuition classes that are being conducted for the teaching of English language, ours fulfill the requirement of all 4 skills of language learning, i.e. reading, writing, speaking and listening, in the true approach, those ought to be done. The skill in listening in learners are enhanced by making use of the CDs which enables the learners to pick up the foreign accents in varying tones, moods and pace. 

In the regular classes devoid of such CDs [they come with a price tag, still more, not available in Sri Lanka] the learners are deprived of the vital component of listening. In the regular classes, the learners would be listening to nothing but the local accent of the local teacher, and that too, only if the class is conducted in English medium. That's pathetic. You need to learn English in English medium.
Then again, no matter, your child studies in English medium in an International School in Sri Lanka, with the exception of one school, his listening activities are confined to the local accent of the local teacher: CDs have not been utilized. [The exceptions are British Council and just one International School in Colombo.]

Furthermore, in our classes, the teacher being guided by the expert [the master teacher, teacher trainer, the author of study course books] by means of the
Teachers Book& “Teachers CD”
 the teacher wouldn't be strayed off course from the methodologies and objectives of any of the lessons.
It's a long walk to English; and a swim too. Your goal needs to be set  to achieve a superior command in English language. Rome isn't built in a day.
Our classes are supported with an outstanding library of high quality, hard bound[hbk] [as in the above picture] study course books, literature course books, classics, language reference, fiction, biography, history etc. That is in addition to the following study course books and other grammar books and supplementary readers utilized in the classes. bunpeiris@gmail.com

University of Cambridge EOSL text books in
Beginner, Pre intermediate, Intermediate &
Upper Intermediate levels, then

University of Cambridge FCE
(Cambridge First Certificate) & carry on with
CAE (Cambridge Advanced English)
complete with
Students Study book
Students Work Book
Students CDs

Teacher's Book
Teacher's Resources-CDs


Wednesday, December 24, 2014

Figurative language 1

Figurative language [1]

The crazy rain and hot legs by bunpeiris

It was cut and & dried at Kurana, Negombo. Pretty cool, as my nieces at Moratuwa say. A half an hour ago when I left Kandana, it was wet, sticky & kinky to the extreme. A crazy rain crashed in out of nowhere , rattling on the windscreen like a barrage of gunfire of a high caliber assault rifle. It was relentless, it was remorseless, it was frightening: there was no mercyThe rain reigned supremely for a quarter of an hour and then abruptly seized. Such was the force & ferocity of the rain, I wondered if stray cats & dogs in the street would be sucked in up in to the air in one hellish whooshing force and dropped unceremoniously down to the earth.  Colombo-Negombo A3 main road would have been littered with the carcasses of poor cats and dogs. No chance of such a spectacle. No, all of a sudden, all calm by the riverside, sorry, lagoon side. Not even a fly fish rained in spite of being in the immediate view of sprawling Negombo lagoon. But fish, just off the shore, was just brought into the restaurant “Jadi Jadi” by Triple R-Rusta Reggie Rodrigo, styled after www: well-built-muscled, well dreadlocked and well tattooed. And that was with some sense of urgency. Indeed, that has to be with a sense of urgency, “Jadi Jadi” being all about dishes of fish, that was the main item, the prime act of Reggie’s fishy rituals in the early morning. His remodeled remolded Toyota Pulser was blood red; all fish were dead, you know; yet the die-hard crabs [they beat Bruce Willis, hands down, any day, anywhere, but in the boiling pot] were still alive and crawling frantically out of the boot of the car. Reggie greeted me with a high five: fishy morning, Reggie. We had a chat over my second breakfast. No, it wasn’t about the crazy rain at all, it wasn’t about the glorious rainbow over a lovely little green hillock to the south-west of the lagoon either. I had no pretensions of being poetic; merely of being sexeedingly (my apologies, I mean exceedingly) sensual. It was about a skirt. It was drifting away, slowly, but not surely, not yet: get back, you hot legs. She turned back, bemused. 

Could you locate the literary devices in the above paragraph?
[1*] Idiom- cut and & dried: lacking freshness or spontaneity not exceptional in any way especially in quality or ability or size or degree; "ordinary everyday objects"; "ordinary decency"; "an ordinary day"; "an ordinary wine"
[2*] Onomatopoeia: rattling: rapid succession of short sharp sounds,
[3*] Simile: like a barrage of gunfire of a high caliber assault rifle: relentless assault of rain is likened to a barrage of machine gun fire.
[4*] Personification: Rain
reigned: rain is personified by the coronation.
[5*] Onomatopoeia: Whooshing:  move or cause to move quickly or suddenly with a rushing sound.
Opposite of personification: objectification: Skirt is slang for a girl. With the word “It”, objectification is achieved: the writer considers her as an object for pleasure.
[7*] Idiom: Cats & dogs’: It is raining cats and dogs.

It was relentless, it was remorseless, it was frightening: there was no mercy.
Rephrasing: Shakespeare’s characters often say the same thing in many different ways, attempting to find the precise set of words that will express, convey, vocalize, articulate, communicate their thoughts and feelings on the matter at hand. It is as if they’re shooting arrows repeatedly at the same target, trying to hit a bull’s-eye.
By my sweet soul, I men setting thee at liberty, enfreedoming thy person. Thou wert immured, restrained, captivated, bound.
Love's Labour's Lost by William Shakespeare]

Your turn now: Write a bright & breezy paragraph on a rainy morning.
[1] Have you ever seen the border of the rain when the sun shines?
[2] Have you ever seen the rainbow immediately after a crazy rain?
[3] View these two videos to spark your imagination.
Rod Stewart rocks the chicks: Have You Ever Seen Coming Down on a sunny day?https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2oX2FSv4Rys 

[4] Yanni - The Rain Must Fall https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Iq3zo432sAUHave you ever listened to such magical music that captures all range of dribbles, the whole spectrum of decibels, all the crescendos of rain?
Yiannis Chryssomallis (born November 14, 1954) is a Greek pianist, keyboardist, & composer. He performed at Sugathadasa Indoor Stadium on Sunday, the 20th April 2014. 

Wednesday, December 17, 2014

Shakespeare was and wasn't

Shakespeare was and wasn't

Following gleaning is off  the website of Virginia Commonwealth University

VCU MENORAH REVIEW Winter/Spring 2009Number 70
For the Enrichment of Jewish Thought

The Ancient Grudge: The Merchant of Venice and Shylock’s Christian Problem

Sunday, December 14, 2014

B.A. in English from University of London

B.A. in English from University of London
B. A. in English from University of London External Programmes 
Are you a voracious reader of works of literature? 
Do you have a "Sense of English Language" coupled with a "Bent on Literarture"?
Would you love to become a teacher of literature?
Would you love to engage your learners in discussions instead of one man show lectures and make your small group classes roaring with laughter?
Would you love to  teach literature by engaging the learners to connect the work of literature at hand with real life situation, other works of literature, history and religion thereby inspiring and enlightening them all?
Then why don't you study B. A. in English at Univeristy of London?
But there is no course provider in Sri Lanka.
You may directly, no intermediary at all,  make payment to University of London, London, UK by Credit card/Wire transfer/Bank draft and study on-line with substantial group tutor assistance, VLE- Virtual Learning Environment (online forum for discussions) and most of all, on your own. You will be lonely. But then who knows, we can set up a club.
Your exams will be held strictly at British Council, Colombo in May and you may go step by step: Certificate, then Diploma then onto the B.A in English.
In terms of syllabus there is no difference between in-house University of London B. A. in English & University of London External. You get a fully fledged, top of the flight B. A. Degree in English from a top ranking university in England. Univeristy of London isn't any other university. It is University of London.
Since the prescribed books aren't available in Sri Lanka you may have to import them from UK or USA. Or else perhaps, I, bunpeiris could be of help.
I have them all. And in addition to the prescribed books, there is an outstanding library that would rarely be seen in a residence:  study course books, literature course books, classics, language reference, fiction, biography, history etc. We can set up a club. bunpeiris@gmail.com

Following information is gleaned from http://www.londoninternational.ac.uk/

Structure and syllabus

Bachelor of Arts degree in English
The BA in English consists of twelve courses. Choose four courses from level 4, four from level 5 and four from level 6.
Diploma of Higher Education in English
The Dip HE in English consists of eight courses. Choose four courses from level 4 and four from level 5.
Certificate of Higher Education in English
The Cert HE in English consists of four courses from level 4.

Level 4

Two core courses (BA, DipHE & CertHE)
Explorations in Literature
Approaches to Text

Level 4 (BA, DipHE & CertHE)

Plus two courses chosen from
Renaissance Comedy: Shakespeare and Jonson
Introduction to Creative Writing
Introduction to English Language

Level 5

Two courses chosen from
Literature of the Later Middle Ages
Renaissance and Restoration
Augustans and Romantics

Level 5

Plus two courses chosen from
Varieties of English

Level 6 (BA only)

Four courses chosen from
American Literature
Drama since 1860
Language and Gender
Language and the Media
The Novel
Postcolonial Literatures in English

Sunday, August 31, 2014

Shakespeare in a nutshell

Shakespeare in a nutshell by bunpeiris

Was Shakespeare [1564- 1616] fortunate to have lived in the golden age [Queen Elizabeth’s reign: 1558–1603] of English history, or was it the golden age that was fortunate to have him?

The worst of times, the best of works
It has been argued the best of the literary works comes into life in the worst of times: the living testimony towards such a persuasion comes in the form of no less than the glorious literature of Russia. The best of the literary works of Russia [Crime & Punishment by Fyodor Dostoevsky in 1866; War and peace by Tolstoy in 1869] had all sprung up during the worst of its times [czarist autocracies: reign of Alexander 111 1845-1894; reign of Nicholas 11 1894-1917].
Had Shakespeare lived in the worst of times, would he have even surpassed his unparalleled achievements as those stand today? Would he have infused still greater depth of suffering in the heart of King Lear at the death of his beloved daughter, Cordelia?
No, no, no life!
Why should a dog, a horse, a rat, have life,
And thou no breath at all?
King Lear (5.3.13)
"Has the world known a greater sorrow than a death of a child while the father is still alive?"
A hush has descebded on the Globe Theatre. Th packed audience of three thousand-lords, ladies, gentlemen, merchants, tradesmen, sailors, lawyers, servants, apprentices, schoolboys, prostitutes, brothel keepers, many of whom have paid only one penny to stand as “groundlings” in front of the stage-are watching a brand –new play in broad spring daylight.. Richard burbage enters as the old King Lear. In his arms in his daughter, Cordelia, played by a boy actor. Burbage fills the rapt silence with sounds of torment even more painful than his cries of madness on the heath an hour or so earlier. His beloved Cordlia is “dead as earth”. Nothing as unremittingly bleak has ever been seen on the English stage. Departing radically from previous telling of the story. Willaim Shakespeare, the play’s 42 year old author, has been brave to let Cordelia die. By doing so he has raised stark questions about the nature of existence, questions raised afreash each time King Lear is performed. Arguably the greatest of Shakespeare’s plays, King Lear is also one of humanity’s finest artistic achievements.    
Stanley Wells: Shakespeare off the record

Best of works, best of times
James S. Shapiro [born 1955], the Professor of English and Comparative Literature at Columbia University who specializes in Shakespeare and the Early Modern period, contends that Shakespeare was born in the right place and time: “his genius flourished in the richly collaborative world of the Elizabethan theater, and his dyer’s hand was steeped in the social and spiritual contradictions of an age poised between the medieval and the modern.”
Following the ascension of Elizabeth [1533-1603] to the throne, significant concessions were extended to the Catholics in appeasement; following the defeat of Spanish Armada in 1588, England established herself as the leading maritime & commercial power of the world.
Furthermore, importance of the arts to the life and legacy of her nation was recognized by Queen Elizabeth [reign: 1558-1603]. The Queen being fond of the theater, extended Royal patronage to establish professional theaters attracting 15,000 theatergoers per week in London, a city of 150,000 to 250,000. Marlowe’s Doctor Faustus, Edmund Spenser’s Faerie Queen, and Sir Philip Sidney’s Defence of Poesie were all written during this golden age. And Shakespeare was the favourite dramatist of the queen.
Then again, following the death of Queen Elizabeth, King James [reign: 1603-1635] heartened the hearts & buoyed up the lives of the dramatists. The king’s men were frequently  summoned to playact at Whitehall, at Greenwhich, or at Richmond. Shakespeare, who was beieved to had never travelled overseas, probably lend his ears to  Sir Fracnis Drake [1540 –1596], who circumnavigated [1577 -1580] only for the second time in mankind, was the second-in-command of the English fleet that blasted off the mighty Spanish Armada in 1588 and to Sir Walter Raleigh [1554 –1618], the  English aristocrat, writer, poet, soldier, politician, courtier, spy, and explorer.
A king with a king-size heart for learning, James elevated Shakespeare’s theater company, Lord Chamberlain’s Men to the status of the King’s Men. Will was the enlightening light; Will  was the all consuming fire; Will  was the soul enhancing music; Will  was the life giving water. He said it all: all about humanity, human heart being his workshop. Since then he has been all those & more.

To draw no envy, Shakespeare, on thy name,
Am I thus ample to thy book and fame;
While I confess thy writings to be such
As neither man nor muse can praise too much;

To the Memory of My Beloved the Author, Mr. William Shakespeare by Ben Jonson [1572- 1637].

The literary humanist
To his friend and rival dramatist Ben Jonson, Shakespeare was the Sweet Swan of Avon and not of an age, but for all time, man for all ages. Since Ben Jonson, a stream of literary lumineries have articulated his concise words in longer versions: here goes Joeph Fiennes [born 1970].
When I was preparing to play him in the film Shakespeare in Love, my starting point was that he was an incredible observer of the people around him, soaking up their characteristic like blotting paper. The key is that Will Shakespeare was Everyman; politically his views ranged across the board: in religious matters he was non-committal; sexually he was able to inhabit all points of view. He could deal with everyone from street urchins to monarchs, and he had the same problems as his characters. Being aware of his own doubts & contradictions made him intensly human. 
 Shakespeare is for all ages, all cosmos
Joseph Fiennes goes on
Despite  the huge thrust of technological advance since the Elizabethen era, the human condition Shakepeare wrote about remains timeless. We still fall in love &get angry and avaricious; we are materiliastic or fanatical or seek spoirtually. Here was a man who understood all the pain of being human, yet loved life & humour& fun. Put simply, he was one of the greatest-ever literary humanists.
Language for self-expression for every human emotion
Stanley Wells: Shakespeare off the record
Over the past four centuries, Shakespeare’s iconic status as a poet & dramatist has come to represent what it means to be a genius, and his words have provided a language of self expression for every human emotion. Shakepeare is cited as an athourity in moral, political and cultural contexts that even he could have never dreamed of. His very name can stimulate approval, challenge, argument, lunacy, brilliance and, occassinlay, especially among schoolchildren, boredom. Shakespeare’s legacy represents more than the story of a life & its age; it has dominated artistic & cultural endeavour in every generation that has followed him.
The Invention of the Human
Furthermore, the leading light of Shakepearan works, Harold Bloom [born 1930] 1930 would go further: Shakespeare "essentially invented human personality as we continue to know and value it."
"Before Hamlet taught us not to have faith either in language or in ourselves, being human was much simpler for us but also rather less interesting," Bloom writes. "Shakespeare, through Hamlet, has made us skeptics in our relationships with anyone, because we have learned to doubt articulateness in the realm of affection."

Wednesday, August 27, 2014

Anthony Burgess

Anthony Burgess

Following article is republished herein by the kind courtesy of International Anthony Burgess Foundation. 
Anthony Burgess was a late starter in the art of fiction. He spent many years as a school teacher in England and Malaya before his first novel, Time for a Tiger, was published in 1956, by which time he was 39 years old. He had previously completed the drafts of two other novels, A Vision of Battlements and The Worm and the Ring, which had been rejected for publication in the early 1950s.
After the critical success of his first three novels (which were later published together as The Malayan Trilogy), Burgess returned to England in 1959 with the aim of documenting the ways in which British society had changed while he had been living in Malaya and Brunei. His novelThe Right to an Answer considers the England of the late 1950s and early 1960s from the perspective of Mr Raj, an overseas student who is visiting Britain while researching a thesis. In The Doctor Is Sick, Burgess explores the underworld of London, with particular reference to Cockney rhyming slang and the secret language of criminals. Other novels from this period include One Hand Clapping, a mediatation on the condition of England, and Inside Mr Enderby, in which Burgess (writing as Joseph Kell) introduces the poet Francis Xavier Enderby, who also appears in three later novels. His short novel The Eve of Saint Venus, illustrated by the Australian artist Edward Pagram, considers the manners and morals of the English upper classes. Nothing Like the Sun: A Story of Shakespeare’s Love Life is the first of Burgess’s encounters with England’s national poet and playwright. It was followed by a Shakespeare film script and an illustrated biography.
Two futuristic dystopias were composed in the early 1960s: A Clockwork Orange (later filmed by Andy Warhol and Stanley Kubrick) and The Wanting Seed. Burgess returned to speculative fiction in 1978, when he published 1985, a combination of novel and critical text, which offers an alternative prophecy to George Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four.
From the mid-1960s Burgess’s novels became increasingly outward-looking in their focus. Honey for the Bears, which draws extensively on Burgess’s knowledge of Russian language and culture, is set in Leningrad, which Burgess and his first wife had visited in the summer of 1961.Tremor of Intent (1966), a parody of Ian Fleming’s espionage thrillers, takes place on a gastronomic cruise ship sailing into Soviet Eastern Europe. Burgess made two trips to Tangier to visit his friend William Burroughs, and he drew on his knowledge of the city when he came to write Enderby Outside.
Burgess left England permanently in 1968, and his ambition to become known as a EuropeanNapoleon Symphony novelist blossomed after this date. M/F, based on a non-fiction text by the structuralist anthropologist Claude Levi-Strauss, is an updating of the Oedipus myth. In Napoleon Symphony, perhaps his most challenging novel in formal terms, Burgess uses musical prose in order to retell the Napoleon story. The novel takes its four-movement structure from Beethoven’s Eroica Symphony, and each episode within the novel corresponds to a passage of music in Beethoven’s score. There is a similar experiment within Mozart and the Wolf Gang, which features a narrative written in the style of Jane Austen and the Marquis de Sade, based on a Mozart symphony. The deliberate fusion of words and music became more prominent in Burgess’s writing after the performance of his Symphony in C by the University of Iowa Orchestra in 1975. In Beard’s Roman Women, for example, Burgess makes frequent references to the Song for Saint Cecilia’s Day by John Dryden. Burgess went on to compose his own musical setting of Dryden’s text in 1978.
The Clockwork Testament is a kind of sequel to A Clockwork Orange, in which Burgess reflects bitterly on the evils of Hollywood and the perils of film adaptation. The text includes a long poem about Saint Augustine and the heretic Pelagius, as well as the screenplay of a trashy film based on The Wreck of the Deutschland by Gerard Manley Hopkins.
Burgess’s most substantial novel, Earthly Powers, was published to international acclaim in 1980. The novel is a family saga which chronicles the disasters of the twentieth century, narrated by a homosexual novelist whose sister is married to the Pope’s brother. The uneasy friendship between the writer and the cleric takes place across four continents, against an ever-changing backdrop of wars, civil unrest and religious horrors. The critic George Steiner wrote in the New Yorker: ‘The whole landscape is the brighter for Earthly Powers, a feat of imaginative breadth and intelligence which lifts fiction high.’ Earthly Powers was awarded the Charles Baudelaire Prize and the Prix du Meilleur Livre Etranger in France in 1981.
The End of the World News brings together three narratives about world-changing events: the career of Sigmund Freud and the invention of psychoanalysis; the life of Leon Trotsky, presented in the form of a Broadway musical; and the destruction of the earth by a rogue asteroid.  Burgess had seen a photograph of President Jimmy Carter watching three television sets simultaneously, and the novel is intended to mimic the act of watching three different television channels in this way.
Other novels of the 1970s and 1980s include Abba Abba, which concerns an imaginary meeting in Rome between the dying John Keats and the blasphemous Roman sonneteer Belli; Moses: A Narrative, an epic poem based on the Book of Exodus; Man of Nazareth, adapted from Burgess’s television scripts for Jesus of Nazareth; and Any Old Iron, in which the sword Excalibur is rediscovered by Welsh nationalists in the middle years of the twentieth century.
In the early 1990s Burgess announced his intention to publish a long novel written inottava rima, the verse form used by Lord Byron in his narrative poem, Don Juan. This eventually emerged as Byrne, Burgess’s last novel, published posthumously in 1995. His final novel in prose was A Dead Man in Deptford, an account of the assassination of Christopher Marlowe written in mock-Elizabethan English, published in 1993 to commemorate the four-hundredth anniversary of Marlowe’s death.
Anthony Burgess's "A Clockwork Orange" was one of the resources for Cambridge AS/A Level learning in the year 2012.


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